Decency & Ethics

 

Shaikh Abdel Aziz Bin Baz was asked the following question: 

          What is the opinion of Islam regarding the working of woman and her going out with the type of uniform which we see in streets, schools and at home?  What is the opinion of Islam regarding the working of the rural woman with her husband in the farm?

Answer:

          There is no doubt that Islam has honored woman and protected her from the human wolves. Islam protected her rights and elevated her status in the society by making her the partner of man in inheritance and forbade boring her alive.  It also made it necessary to consult her and take her consent when marrying her off.  She is also given the full right and freedom to discharge her property if she was mature enough.  In Islam there are many obligations on the husband towards his wife.  The woman’s father and her relatives also must spend on her. Moreover Islam asked women to dress Hijab so that to protect her from sights and not to turn her into a cheap commodity which is enjoyed and consumed by every man.  Quran says, “An when you ask (his ladies) for anything you want, ask them from before a screen:  that makes for greater purity for your hearts for their”  [33:53].  In the same Soorahat Allah, the almighty says, “O Prophet! Tell thy wives and daughters, and the believing women that they should cost their outer garments over their persons (When abroad) that is most convenient, that they should be known” [33:59].  In Soorahat El Noor also Allah says, “Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them.  And God is well acquainted with all that they do.  And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinary) appear therefore; that they should Draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband’s father, heir sons, their husband’s sons, their brothers and their brother’s sons”  [24:30-31].  The terms “except what (must ordinary) appear” has been interpreted by Abdullah bin Masood as the apparent clothes, which cannot be covered.  It was also interpreted by Ibn Abbas as the face and the two hands.

          The more convenient interpretation may be that of Ibn Masood because the verse of Burdah indicated the necessity of covering as it is a point which attracts viewers and gazers therefore  its covering is very important.

          Ibn Taymiyya said, “It was exposed when Islam was revealed and then the verse of Burdah asked Muslims to veil it.  Because exposing it to other than close blood relative is one of the main causes of degeneration.  It is exposition may also lead to expose other parts.  If the hands and face were decorated by decorating elements, their exposition is prohibited.  Unfortunately today women tend to decorate and expose them.  If they are decorated, they must not be exposed.  Moreover nowadays women expose head, neck, chest, hands, legs and things.  This is not right according to the teachings of Islam.  Because it leads to moral degeneration.  We supplicate and hold our hands to Allah, the Almighty to enable the rulers if they were real Muslims, to prohibit this state of affairs and returns woman to their position as prescribed by the teachings of Islam and to avoid whatever leads to moral and ethical degeneration.

          Allah, also ordered women to remains within the boundaries of chastity, purity, and morality.  Quran says to women, “Stay at your homes and don’t appear exposed as that of the time of Jahiliyya”  another Quranic Aaya also tells old women who don’t have desire to get married to cover themselves and appear in a decent clothing.  Therefore in both properly dressed and avoid all sorts gazing and thoughts.

          As far as the wife working with her husband in a farm, she can help her husband if there is no any other stranger with them in the farm.  But if there was a stranger in the farm she must get dressed respectably and according to the Islamic uniform.  Thus Islam aimed to elevate woman and enable her to raise herself above the level of a mere flash and object of animal consummation.  Islam asked women to protect themselves from wolf-like men.  Because she is the seed of the pure and innocent, future generation.

 

Shaikh Abdel Aziz Bin Baz was asked the following question:

What is the opinion of Islam regarding the woman works with men?

Answer:

          It is well known that the working of women with men leads to intermingling between the two sexes.  This on its turn leads to dangerous consequences.  Therefore, Islam preferred the working of women at their homes and up brings a moral religious generation or if she has to work she must work in a pure environment where her chastity and sanctity are preserved and well protected.  She must be far away from the environment which makes her alone with strange men.  Quran addressed women of the prophet’s family. “Stay at your homes and don’t appear exposed as that of the time of Jahiliyya, perform prayer, offer alms, verily Allah wants to detach evil from you and purity you”  “the family of the prophet”.  You remember the verses and wisdom of Allah which are read in your house, verily Allah is always mild and knows everything”  at another part of Quran, another verse says, “O prophet! Tell thy wives and daughters and the believing women.  That thy should cast their outer garments over their persons (when aboard) That is most convenient, that they should be known [33:59] Allah says, “Say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: and God is well acquainted with all that they do: and say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinary) appear thereof” [24:30-31] the prophet Mohammed (PBUH) also warned men against entering to strange women.  He opines, “Be ware of entering to women”. By women he means ‘strange women’.

          He also warned men against staying alone with strange women as the third partner will be Satan.  He also prohibited from travelling except with a man of close relation who cannot marry her or with her own husband.  The prophet also stated, “avoid the worldly attractions and avoid women, the first test which the sons of Israel had undergone and they utterly failed in  it was the “test of women”.  He also says ‘I had not left in my nation a test which is most distracting from religion than that of the test in their relation to women” 

          Therefore, the above Quranic verses and the sayings of the prophet Mohammed [PBUH] clearly indicate that Islam prohibited the intermingling between men and women which leads to fall in immoral behaviors and family as well as social degeneration.  If we look today at the condition of women in many Muslim countries, we can realize he extent of the lower moral pitch which these societies have reached and this is basically because cosmers transcended the red lines and took up works which lead to their moral and ethical degeneration and because they neglected their main duty; that is the moral and religious upbringing of their children. Many wise scholars in those countries called to return women to their natural position and make them play their natural role as mothers bat unfortunately it was after the situation had deteriorated.  One feels that Muslims’ society is being targeted by the enemies of Islam and Muslim rulers are either against Islam as they think it may treat their fragile secular thrones or they are ideologically naïve and have no any ideological base to lean upon.

 

          What are the working fields which women can take up without violating the glorious teachings of Islam?

Answer:

          A woman can work as a teacher of girls and other activities in which she can serve other women.  She must avoid works where there are strange men.

 

The permanent committee for decrees was asked:

What is the opinion of Islam regarding the working of women?  What are the fields of works which women can take up?

Answer:

          Nobody can deny that a women can work.  She can participate in all fields of work but she must be detached from strange men and she must not intermingle with them.  This means that women can establish their fields of activities and work together far away from any kind of work which may lead her to interring with strange men.  Because the definite consequences of intermingling between strange men and women will be moral degeneration which on its turn will create family destruction.